Regenerate northern hardwoods species to maintain the northern hardwoods covertype.
Increase stand resilience by increasing species diversity (promoting cool climate-dependent tree species) and structural complexity following a commercial timber harvest.
Increase stand resilience by increasing species diversity (promoting cool climate-dependent tree species) and structural complexity through brush control site preparation and artificial regeneration (conifer planting).
Enhance current and future species diversity and structural complexity by ensuring successful tree recruitment into sapling/small tree size classes currently absent from the stand.
To use a two-cut shelterwood system with deer browse protection (exclosures) to maintain northern red oak as a component of Central Dry-Mesic Oak-Aspen-Red Maple Forest
To determine long-term trends in forest vegetation by installing fencing treatments.
To lower stand density in a spatially heterogeneous fashion, reduce fuel-loading in a mature stand by disconnecting foliage between the canopy and sub-canopy, and increase aesthetic appeal of a multi-aged red pine stand.
Group Selection Harvest with Artificial and Natural Regeneration on a Southern Floodplain Forest Community: Eggleston Site (MN DNR)
Regenerate a mature lowland hardwoods stand to a young stand of similar composition.
Keep the site forested and increase resilience by improving diversity and removing invasive species.
Natural Oak Regeneration in a Southern Dry-Mesic Oak Forest Using Mechanical Site Preparation and a Clearcut with Reserves Harvest (MN DNR)
Regenerate a mature red oak stand to a young stand of similar composition, using natural regeneration with well-timed mechanical site preparation.
Use the seed tree system to naturally regenerate a mixed stand dominated by red and white pine, keeping costs low with no site prep.
Determine best silvicultural method for paper birch regeneration.
Measure ecological recovery following stand reinitiation and site preparation
Retain red and white oak as the dominant species in a mixed hardwood forest.
The silvicultural objective is to establish native tree cover and determine more effective methods of controlling reed canary grass.
To increase the quality and stocking of northern red oak and saplings at the site through the protection of bud caps to reduce browsing, and limit competitor species such as, aspen, ironwood and beaked hazelnut.
Sawbill Monitoring Project: Inventorying Mixed Woods 10-15 years after Mechanical Site Prep and Planting (USFS)
Establish an even-aged mixed woods stand comprised of aspen, white spruce, balsam fir, and white pine.
Sawbill Monitoring Project: Inventorying White Pine 10-15 years after Mechanical Site Prep and Planting (USFS)
Establish white pine as a dominant overstory species.
To regenerate black ash and promote non-ash species.
Un-even aged mixed hardwood/conifer stand with a major component of oak. Protect oak seedlings from deer browse through the use of flexible mesh caps
To reserve mature white pine for legacy and open growing space for a new cohort of white pine.
Study of ecological and stand dynamics changes after a single thinning from belowCover type: Pine
To regenerate paper birchCover type: Aspen-Birch
Regenerate northern hardwoods species to maintain the northern hardwoods covertype.Cover type: Northern hardwoods
Stop the below-ground spread of an active oak wilt pocket in order to maintain oaks into the future.Cover type: Northern hardwoods
A Comparison of Establishment Methods for Northern Red Oak Regeneration in a Southern Dry-Mesic Oak Forest (MN DNR)
Regenerate a mature red oak stand to a young stand of similar composition.Cover type: Central hardwoods