January - March 2007: Implement shelterwood harvest as described above.
2007 – Most of natural seedlings die from drought by August.
2008 – Good natural regeneration and planting success is negated by heavy deer browse. 2,500 oak seedlings/acre remain in fall. Installed 100 tree shelters to protect against deer.
2010- Of the tree shelters established in 2008, 30% have excellent seedlings, 30% have seedlings that are alive, but not growing well, and 40% of the tubes have dead seedlings. 0% seedlings remain outside of the shelters due to deer browse.
2011 – Spring – Plant 1,000 seedlings.
2011 – 1,000 Red oak seedlings/ac. 4,000 Sugar and red maple seedlings/ac. Windstorm on August 2, 2011 took down significant numbers of trees. Survival in the brown tubes is 10%.
2012 –July Red oak -200 seedlings/ ac. Basswood -200 seedlings/ ac. American elm-500 seedlings/ac. Sugar maple -3,000/ac. Red maple – 6,000 seedlings/ac.
2014 – July: Fenced with 9 foot wire fence. Construct a fence that will keep white-tailed deer out of the unit 99+% of the time. Provide 16’ gates for management access. The fence must last at least 10 years and preferably 20. Use 8 foot woven wire (12 gauge-fixed knot). Put one smooth wire on top of the posts to help prevent damage from
2016 –Oct Red oak -450 <10cm seedlings/ ac. 200 10-20 cm seedlings/ ac. 100 20+cm seedlings/ ac. White oak -50 <10cm seedlings/ ac. (Half the plots had heavy Rubus and zero oak.) Basswood /Sugar maple/ Red maple – 1,500 seedlings/ac.